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Cesium dynamics in long pulse operation of negative hydrogen ion sources for fusion

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2 Author(s)
Fantz, U. ; Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, 85748 Garching, Germany ; Wimmer, C.

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Large scale negative hydrogen ion sources operating stable for 1 h (cw mode) are required for the neutral beam heating system of the fusion experiment ITER. The formation of negative hydrogen ions relies on the surface effect for which cesium is evaporated into the source. In order to monitor the cesium dynamics the laser absorption spectroscopy technique is applied to the long pulse test facility MANITU. In the vacuum phase, without plasma operation the evaporation of cesium and the built-up of the cesium in the source are measured. Typical neutral cesium densities are 1015 m-3. During plasma operation and after the plasma phase a high cesium dynamics is observed, showing also depletion of cesium during long pulses with low cesium amount. The co-extracted electron current decreases with the cesium amount to a certain level whereas the ion current indicates an optimum density range.

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Review of Scientific Instruments  (Volume:83 ,  Issue: 2 )