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Evolvable hardware (EHW) has shown itself to be a promising approach for prosthetic hand controllers. Besides competitive classification performance, EHW classifiers offer self-adaptation, fast training, and a compact implementation. However, EHW classifiers have not yet been sufficiently compared to state-of-the-art conventional classifiers. In this paper, we compare two EHW approaches to four conventional classification techniques: k-nearest-neighbor, decision trees, artificial neural networks, and support vector machines. We provide all classifiers with features extracted from electromyographic signals taken from forearm muscle contractions, and let the algorithms recognize eight to eleven different kinds of hand movements. We investigate classification accuracy on a fixed data set and stability of classification error rates when new data is introduced. For this purpose, we have recorded a short-term data set from three individuals over three consecutive days and a long-term data set from a single individual over three weeks. Experimental results demonstrate that EHW approaches are indeed able to compete with state-of-the-art classifiers in terms of classification performance.