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In a Web-based learning system, the student-system (computer) interaction occurs via user interface. Generally, Web-based learning system interfaces are developed by designers, static, generic for all users and cannot be changed by the users. Thus, users may feel unengaged because individuals have different design preferences and aesthetic judgments. Our research intends to address this problem by developing a Web-based learning system that has the ability to produce dynamic interfaces by changing its aesthetic elements. A dynamic aesthetic interface means that the interface changes by changing its aesthetic elements such as font style, font size, font colour and others. These changes occur during the students interaction with the notes and quizzes pages in this system. An experimental study will be conducted to detect students' emotional state and performance during the changes of system interfaces. Thus, this paper aims to investigate the effects of dynamic aesthetic elements on the learning experience in Web-based learning system. The effects will be examined from two aspects: affect and performance.