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A method to detect partial discharge (PD) is considered effective for gas insulated switchgear (GIS) insulation diagnostics. In this paper, for a 154 kV model GIS, the influence of the enclosure diameter on PD propagation characteristics was initially investigated using model GIS by varying the enclosure size. Secondly, an experiment was conducted for metallic particles placed in different locations as a source of PD (particle adhering to the center conductor or free metallic particle). Thirdly, an actual PD experiment was conducted in an Lshaped form to study the influence of GIS shape on PD-radiated electromagnetic (EM) waves. In addition, in order to study the experimental results in detail, a simulation using the FD-TD method was conducted for comparison with these experimental results. Following the experiment, the larger the enclosure diameter, the greater the measured amplitude of PD having occurred around the center conductor. In addition, it emerged that, where the particle was close to the center conductor, EM waves propagating due to PD were less likely to be damped compared with the case where particles were placed on the bottom of the enclosure. Furthermore, following the investigation of the propagation characteristics in the L-shaped form, it emerged that, while a high frequency component of frequency exceeding that of the TEM wave component was reflected at the L-shaped part, the TEM wave component passed through almost unaffected by the latter. The propagation of the TEM mode component could be also found via FD-TD analysis.