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Wireless sensor network (WSN) technologies have been employed in recent years for monitoring purposes in various domains from engineering industry to our home environment due to their ability to intelligently monitor remote locations. In this paper, we have developed a purely deterministic model that utilizes clustering to organize the WSN. We propose a deterministic energy-efficient clustering protocol that is dynamic, distributive, self-organizing and more energy efficient than the existing protocols. It utilizes a simplified approach which minimizes computational overhead-cost to self-organize the sensor network. Our simulation result shows a better performance with respect to energy consumption, which is reflected in the network lifetime in both homogeneous and heterogeneous settings when compared with the existing protocols. It is worthy of note that our approach approximates an ideal solution for balanced energy consumption in hierarchical wireless sensor networks.
Date of Conference: 6-9 Dec. 2011