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Integration of Physical and Cognitive Human Models to Simulate Driving With a Secondary In-Vehicle Task

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3 Author(s)
Fuller, H.J.A. ; Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Reed, M.P. ; Yili Liu

Human behavior models give insight into people's choices and actions and are tools for predicting performance and improving interface design. Most models focus on a task's cognitive aspects or its physical requirements. This research addresses the divide between cognitive and physical models by combining two models to produce an integrated cognitive-physical human model that enables studying of complex human-machine interactions. The capabilities of the integrated model are evaluated in a task scenario with both cognitive and physical components, i.e., driving while performing a secondary in-vehicle task. When applied in this way, the integrated model is called the Virtual Driver model and can replicate basic driving, in-vehicle tasks, and resource-sharing behaviors, providing a new way to study driver distraction. The model has applicability to interface design and predicting staffing requirements and performance.

Published in:

Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 2 )