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The ability to classify driver behavior lays the foundation for more advanced driver assistance systems. In particular, improving safety at intersections has been identified as a high priority due to the large number of intersection-related fatalities. This paper focuses on developing algorithms for estimating driver behavior at road intersections and validating them on real traffic data. It introduces two classes of algorithms that can classify drivers as compliant or violating. They are based on (1) support vector machines and (2) hidden Markov models, which are two very popular machine learning approaches that have been used successfully for classification in multiple disciplines. However, existing work has not explored the benefits of applying these techniques to the problem of driver behavior classification at intersections. The developed algorithms are successfully validated using naturalistic intersection data collected in Christiansburg, VA, through the U.S. Department of Transportation Cooperative Intersection Collision Avoidance System for Violations initiative. Their performances are also compared with those of three traditional methods, and the results show significant improvements with the new algorithms.
Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:13 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: June 2012