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Bistatic synthetic aperture radar (BSAR) provides strategical, technical and economical advantages in radar imaging. Motions and micro-motions of objects in an illuminated scene introduces Doppler and micro-Doppler effects in the received radar echoes. Combining the advantages introduced by the bistatic configuration and the usefulness of the micro-Doppler signature characterization will provide a powerful tool for military and civil remote sensing applications such as target recognition and classification. In this paper, a vibrating micro-Doppler signature for a BSAR system with fixed receiver is analyzed and compared to the signature obtained in a monostatic SAR system. The micro-Doppler effect is derived for a vibrating target in the bistatic SAR. The corresponding bistatic factor is shown to be a function of the bistatic acquisition geometry. Also, the effect of the target vibration on the focused image is shown to be influenced by the acquisition geometry. The derived model is useful for micro-Doppler classification. Simulations for 94 GHz and 10 GHz are given and the results confirm the derived model.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:50 , Issue: 8 )
Date of Publication: Aug. 2012