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In cognitive radio networks, the secondary users (SUs) can be selected as the cooperative relays to assist the transmission of the primary user (PU). In order to increase the utility, the PU needs to consider whether it is beneficial to use cooperative transmission and which SU should be chosen as the cooperative relay. In addition, if the PU selects a secondary relay, it needs to allocate time resources for cooperative transmission. Then, the SUs need to determine their strategies of random access when the licensed spectrum of the PU is available. In this paper, we first establish a model for cooperative cognitive radio networks with one PU and multiple SUs. We then propose a cooperative transmission and random access (CTRA) scheme. Based on the sequential structure of the decision-making, we study the cooperative cognitive radio network and determine the equilibrium strategies for both the PU and the SUs using the Stackelberg game. Simulation results show that both the PU and the SUs obtain higher utilities when compared with the noncooperative transmission and random access (NTRA) scheme.
Date of Conference: 11-14 Sept. 2011