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Spectrum Harvesting and Sharing in Multi-Hop CRNs Under Uncertain Spectrum Supply

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4 Author(s)
Miao Pan ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA ; Chi Zhang ; Pan Li ; Yuguang Fang

The essential impediment to apply cognitive radio (CR) technology for efficient spectrum utilization lies in the uncertainty of licensed spectrum supply. In this paper, we propose a novel architecture for spectrum harvesting and sharing, and investigate the joint routing and frequency scheduling problem in multi-hop cognitive radio networks (CRNs) under uncertain spectrum supply. We introduce a new service provider, Secondary Service Provider (SSP), to facilitate the accessing for secondary users (SUs). We model the vacancy of available bands with a series of random variables, and mathematically describe the corresponding frequency scheduling and flow routing constraints. From the SSP's point of view, we characterize the CRN performance with a pair of parameters (α, β), and present an optimization problem to minimize the required network-wide spectrum resource at the (α,β) level. Given that (α, β) level is specified, we obtain a lower bound for the optimization problem and develop a threshold based coarse-grained fixing algorithm for a feasible solution. Simulation results show that (i) for any (α,β) level, the proposed algorithm provides a near-optimal solution to the formulated NP-hard problem, and (ii) the (α,β) based solution is better than the expected bandwidth based one in terms of blocking ratio and spectrum utilization in multi-hop CRNs.

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 2 )