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To overcome the performance loss of noncoherent detectors of differential chaos-shift keying (DCSK), some improved versions of DCSK have been proposed. However, little has been done to improve the multiuser DCSK system based on Walsh codes (WCs), i.e., referred to as DCSK-WC, although it is considered more feasible in practice among the existing multiuser DCSK systems. This brief introduces a novel differentially DCSK (DDCSK) technique into such a multiuser system so as to build the desirable DDCSK-WC, obtaining significant performance gain, as compared with the conventional DCSK-WC, while retaining its hardware complexity unchanged. Moreover, the proposed system can greatly enhance the robustness against intersymbol interference in a wireless multipath fading channel. Therefore, the new system is deemed to provide a good alternative transmission scheme for wireless communication based on chaotic modulation, in such as indoor applications of the transmitted-reference ultrawideband. The theoretical analysis and simulated noise performances of the proposed system demonstrate their high consistence.