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In this paper, we propose a broadband silicon Mach-Zehnder switch (MZS) for wavelength division multiplexing applications on photonic networks on chip. The proposed reconfigurable switch is based on a single-stage three-waveguide interferometric configuration in which the phase shift is achieved via a p-i-n diode. The device is analyzed by the coupled-mode theory and by the finite-difference beam propagation method. The proposed configuration leads to a considerable increase in the bandwidth with respect to the conventional MZS. For example, the two-waveguide MZS with a gap g=0.30 μm between the two coupled waveguides exhibits bandwidth Δλ = 60 nm, crosstalk CT = - 15 dB, and insertion loss IL = 1.1 dB. Conversely, a bandwidth Δλ = 115 nm is achieved for the three-waveguide configuration to parity of the other parameters.
Date of Publication: April1, 2012