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Correctly Modeling the Diagonal Capacity in Escape Routing

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2 Author(s)
Tan Yan ; Synopsys, Inc., Mountain View, CA, USA ; Wong, M.D.F.

Escape routing for packages and printed circuit boards (PCBs) has been studied extensively in the past. Network flow is pervasively used to model this problem. However, none of the previous works correctly models the diagonal capacity, which is essential for 45° routing in most packages and PCBs. As a result, existing algorithms may either produce routing solutions that violate the diagonal capacity or fail to output a legal routing even though there exists one. In this paper, we propose a new network flow model that guarantees the correctness when diagonal capacity is taken into consideration. This model leads to the first optimal algorithm for escape routing. We also extend our model to handle missing pins.

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Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 2 )