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Average Inductor Current Sensor for Digitally Controlled Switched-Mode Power Supplies

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5 Author(s)
Miguel Rodriguez ; Colorado Power Electronics Center, Department of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA ; Victor Manuel Lopez ; Francisco J. Azcondo ; Javier Sebastian
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Current-mode control in digitally controlled switched-mode power supplies typically requires analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion of at least two signals, voltage, and current. The complexity of voltage A/D converters can be reduced using window A/D techniques. In conventional current A/D conversion, however, relatively high resolution is required over a wide range of signals, which results in increased complexity, power consumption, and cost of the controller. This paper proposes a very simple feedback sensor capable of high-resolution average inductor current sensing using two analog comparators and an analog low-pass filter. The approach requires very few external components and employs minimal digital hardware resources. A dynamic model and performance of the average inductor current sensor are experimentally verified on a 12-V input, 19-V output, 50-W boost converter prototype. The applicability of the proposed sensor is demonstrated in a digitally controlled 400-W, 400-V output Boost power factor preregulator.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 8 )