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Non-Causal Time-Domain Filters for Single-Channel Noise Reduction

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4 Author(s)
Jesper Rindom Jensen ; Dept. of Electronic Systems, Aalborg University, Aalborg ; Jacob Benesty ; Mads Græsbøll Christensen ; Søren Holdt Jensen

In many existing time-domain filtering methods for noise reduction in, e.g., speech processing, the filters are causal. Such causal filters can be implemented directly in practice. However, it is possible to improve the performance of such noise reduction filtering methods in terms of both noise suppression and signal distortion by allowing the filters to be non-causal. Non-causal time-domain filters require knowledge of the future, and are therefore not directly implementable. If the observed signal is processed in blocks, however, the non-causal filters are implementable. In this paper, we propose such non-causal time-domain filters for noise reduction in speech applications. We also propose some performance measures that enable us to evaluate the performance of non-causal filters. Moreover, it is shown how some of the filters can be updated recursively. Using the recursive expressions, it is also shown that the output SNRs of the filters always increase as we increase the length of the filter when the desired signal is stationary. From both the theoretical and practical evaluations of the filters, it is clearly shown that the performance of time-domain filtering methods for noise reduction can be improved by introducing non-causality.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 5 )