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High-Resolution CMOS Video Image Sensors

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2 Author(s)
Takayanagi, I. ; Japan Design Center, Aptina Japan, LLC, Tokyo, Japan ; Nakamura, J.

High-definition television (HDTV) images are now commonly available and the recent trend of video applications is toward even higher spatial resolutions with higher pixel rates. To make such high-resolution video images possible, the sensor must have a line time, or one row time, of less than a few microseconds with a pixel rate greater than gigapixels per second. In this paper, the basics of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors and the architectures/technologies used to obtain such high resolutions and frame rates are reviewed and the technologies to obtain the highest possible quality video images are explained.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 1 )