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A Hybrid Approach for Building Extraction From Spaceborne Multi-Angular Optical Imagery

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5 Author(s)
Anish Turlapaty ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mississippi State University, USA ; Balakrishna Gokaraju ; Qian Du ; Nicolas H. Younan
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The advent of high resolution spaceborne images leads to the development of efficient detection of complex urban details with high precision. This urban land use study is focused on building extraction and height estimation from spaceborne optical imagery. The advantages of such methods include 3D visualization of urban areas, digital urban mapping, and GIS databases for decision makers. In particular, a hybrid approach is proposed for efficient building extraction from optical multi-angular imagery, where a template matching algorithm is formulated for automatic estimation of relative building height, and the relative height estimates are utilized in conjunction with a support vector machine (SVM)-based classifier for extraction of buildings from non-buildings. This approach is tested on ortho-rectified Level-2a multi-angular images of Rio de Janeiro from WorldView-2 sensor. Its performance is validated using a 3-fold cross validation strategy. The final results are presented as a building map and an approximate 3D model of buildings. The building detection accuracy of the proposed method is improved to 88%, compared to 83% without using multi-angular information.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 1 )