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In wireless mobile network, the challenge is to assign appropriate frequency spectrum channels to requested calls while maintaining a desirable level of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) constraint. An effective channel assignment technique is important to improve the system capacity and to reduce the effect of the interference. Most of the existing channel assignment approaches are based on deterministic methods. In this paper, an adaptive hybrid channel assignment (HCA) technique based on genetic algorithm (GA) is proposed. The proposed GA based optimization in HCA scheme is capable to adapt the population size to the number of eligible channels for a particular cell upon new call arrivals in order to achieve faster convergence speed. Besides, the proposed approach can handle both the reassignment of existing calls as well as the allocation of channel to a new call in an adaptive process to maximize the utility of the limited frequency spectrum. The simulation for both uniform and nonuniform traffic distributions on a 49-cells network model show that the average new incoming call blocking or call dropping probability for the proposed hybrid channel optimization method is lower than the deterministic HCA methods.
Date of Conference: 5-8 Dec. 2011