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This letter presents the design of a novel wideband horizontally polarized omnidirectional printed loop antenna. The proposed antenna consists of a loop with periodical capacitive loading and a parallel stripline as an impedance transformer. Periodical capacitive loading is realized by adding interlaced coupling lines at the end of each section. Similarly to mu-zero resonance (MZR) antennas, the periodical capacitive loaded loop antenna proposed in this letter allows current along the loop to remain in phase and uniform. Therefore, it can achieve a horizontally polarized omnidirectional pattern in the far field, like a magnetic dipole antenna, even though the perimeter of the loop is comparable to the operating wavelength. Furthermore, the periodical capacitive loading is also useful to achieve a wide impedance bandwidth. A prototype of the proposed periodical capacitive loaded loop antenna is fabricated and measured. It can provide a wide impedance bandwidth of about 800 MHz (2170-2970 MHz, 31.2%) and a horizontally polarized omnidirectional pattern in the azimuth plane.
Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE (Volume:11 )
Date of Publication: 2012