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Conventional hysteresis current controllers have the disadvantage of a variable switching frequency. This paper presents a novel hysteresis current control method which uses the adjacent current error zero-crossing time to calculate the upper/lower hysteresis bandwidth after the measured half current error period. This strategy makes the algorithm independent of load parameters and thus it can achieve a stable switching frequency. An improved switching scheme has been successfully applied to a single-phase three-level H-bridge voltage source inverter driving a vibration test bench based on the novel hysteresis current. It can select appropriate switching states to overcome dead-time effects without dead-time compensation according to the relation of the current switching state, the current error, and the upper/lower hysteresis bandwidth. Field-programmable gate array has enough computational power to allow multiple sampling within a current error period and logic control power to implement state machine transitions. The simulation and experimental results are given to demonstrate the validity and features of the novel hysteresis current controller with the improved switching scheme.
Date of Publication: July 2012