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When bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) works in alternating bistatic/ping-pong mode, it can perform phase referencing without a synchronization link between different satellites. The key to this is to extract a compensation phase from the bistatic echoes, including oscillator phase differences. An echo-domain phase synchronization algorithm using the correlation of bistatic echoes is proposed. Because of its larger equivalent synchronization frequency, the echo-domain algorithm has higher phase synchronization accuracy than the algorithm in the image domain. Experiments using simulated bistatic echoes with real single-stripmap SAR echo validate the proposed echo-domain phase synchronization algorithm.