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Representing global world of a mobile robot with relational local maps

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3 Author(s)
M. Asada ; Dept. of Mech. Eng. for Comput.-Controlled Machinery, Osaka Univ., Japan ; Y. Fukui ; S. Tsuji

A method for representing a global map consisting of local map representations and relations between them has been developed. Sensor maps viewed at locations close to each other are integrated into a local map representation in a Cartesian coordinate system fixed to an object. First, three-dimensional (3-D) information of the edges on the floor is obtained at each sensor map by assuming the camera model and the flatness of the floor. A reliable feature is selected as a reference in the sensor map; this feature is used in finding the correspondence between the current sensor map and the following ones and in building a local map with these sensor maps. During the motion of the robot, the local map is updated by the motion stereo method unless the current reference point disappears from the sensor map. Farther edges are also represented in other local maps when the robot approaches them since the precise estimation of their locations in the current local map is difficult. Finally, the relation between local maps that represents the relative orientation and the approximate distance from the previous local map to the current one is included in the global map. The method was tested in an indoor environment; the experimental results are shown

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 6 )