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Teleautonomous guidance for mobile robots

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2 Author(s)
J. Borenstein ; Dept. of Mech. Eng. & Appl. Mech., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI ; Y. Koren

A novel technique for the remote guidance of fast mobile robots has been developed and implemented. With this method, the mobile robot follows the general direction prescribed by an operator. However, if the robot encounters an obstacle, it autonomously avoids collision with that obstacle while trying to match the prescribed direction as closely as possible. This novel implementation of shared control is completely transparent and transfers control between teleoperation and autonomous obstacle avoidance gradually. The method, called teleautonomous operation, allows the operator to steer vehicles and robots at high speeds and in cluttered environments, even without visual contact. Teleautonomous operation is based on the virtual force field (VFF) method, which was developed for autonomous obstacle avoidance. The VFF method is especially suited to the accommodation of inaccurate sensor data and sensor fusion, and allows the mobile robot to travel quickly without stopping for obstacles

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 6 )