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Impact of Organic Substrate Warp on C4 Non-Wets

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2 Author(s)
Khanna, V.D. ; IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA ; Sri-Jayantha, S.M.

Balancing the level of substrate warp at reflow with other sources contributing to C4 non-wets is an important problem. To address this, a methodology to predict the probability of non-wets during the chip attach process of an organic package has been developed. A technique for quantifying the convex or concave warp of a substrate in the form of a shape inversion (SI) plot is introduced. Geometrical factors that influence non-wets, such as C4 height, solder pad relative location, collapsed solder height etc., are described and their individual contributions to the non-wet conditions are computed. Combining these contributions onto the SI plot allows for a graphical representation of the non-wet probability. The technique is applied to a product substrate and the results are compared with the actual yield observed during chip assembly.

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Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 12 )