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The human actor is a main factor which results in marine accidents which has been recognized by the navigation system. And it has been a key problem how to control and reduce the marine accidents. In this paper, Goal Structure Notion (GSN) is adopted to analyze the marine accident and research the existent of various potential risk factors which are demonstrated from five factors of organization and management, environment, human, ship equipment and the regulations. The paper mainly studies the subsystems of the human factors framework, which consist of the physical and mental qualities protection factor, behavioral protection factor, education and training protection factor, human group behavior protection factor and work attitude protection factor. And some recommendations are putting forward to reduce the human factors.