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Offline signature verification using classifier combination of HOG and LBP features

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4 Author(s)
Yilmaz, M.B. ; Fac. of Eng. & Natural Sci., Sabanci Univ., Istanbul, Turkey ; Yanikoglu, B. ; Tirkaz, C. ; Kholmatov, A.

We present an offline signature verification system based on a signature's local histogram features. The signature is divided into zones using both the Cartesian and polar coordinate systems and two different histogram features are calculated for each zone: histogram of oriented gradients (HOG) and histogram of local binary patterns (LBP). The classification is performed using Support Vector Machines (SVMs), where two different approaches for training are investigated, namely global and user-dependent SVMs. User-dependent SVMs, trained separately for each user, learn to differentiate a user's signature from others, whereas a single global SVM trained with difference vectors of query and reference signatures' features of all users, learns how to weight dissimilarities. The global SVM classifier is trained using genuine and forgery signatures of subjects that are excluded from the test set, while user dependent SVMs are separately trained for each subject using genuine and random forgeries. The fusion of all classifiers (global and user-dependent classifiers trained with each feature type), achieves a 15.41 % equal error rate in skilled forgery test, in the GPDS 160 signature database without using any skilled forgeries in training.

Published in:

Biometrics (IJCB), 2011 International Joint Conference on
Biometrics Compendium, IEEE

Date of Conference:

11-13 Oct. 2011