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Range-Free algorithms, appealing to people for their cost-efficiency, suffer from the precision problem. Some methods try to combine received signal strength indication (RSSI) with range-free localization algorithms to improve the accuracy, but RSSI is sensitive to the radio irregularity. Based on the well known RIM model, we present a new method of RSSI calibration, namely MRIRC, to mitigate the impact of radio irregularity. MRIRC divides nodes within a continuous angle into groups with the same level of RSSI deviation. By doing this, given an irregular deviation input, MRIRC can get a maximum angle (worst case), which guarantees that the nodes in the same group are in the same level of radio irregularity, thereby improving the accuracy of the distance estimations. We conduct simulations for large-scale sensor networks, and the results show that MRIRC achieves superior performance over the other two typical Range-Free algorithms.
Date of Conference: 16-18 Dec. 2011