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An Alternative Method for Power System Dynamic State Estimation Based on Unscented Transform

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3 Author(s)
Shaobu Wang ; Center for Energy Syst. Res., Tennessee Technol. Univ., Cookeville, TN, USA ; Wenzhong Gao ; Meliopoulos, A.P.S.

An efficient, timely, and accurate state estimation is a prerequisite for most energy management system (EMS) applications in power system control centers. The emerging wide-area measurement systems (WAMSs) offer new opportunities for developing more effective methods to monitor power system dynamics online. Recently, alternative methods for power system state estimation have caught much attention. Due to the nonlinearity of state transition and observation equation, linearization and Jacobian matrix calculation are indispensible in the existing methods of power system state estimation. This makes WAMS' high performance compromised by burdensome calculation. In order to overcome the drawbacks, this study tries to develop an effective state estimation method without the linearization and Jacobian matrix calculation. Firstly, unscented transformation is introduced as an effective method to calculate the means and covariances of a random vector undergoing a nonlinear transformation. Secondly, by embedding the unscented transformation into the Kalman filter process, a method is developed for power system dynamic state estimation. Finally, some simulation results are presented showing accuracy and easier implementation of the new method.

Published in:

Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

May 2012

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