By Topic

Elastic Buffer Flow Control for On-Chip Networks

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Michelogiannakis, G. ; Electr. Eng. Dept., Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA, USA ; Dally, W.J.

Networks-on-chip (NoCs) were developed to meet the communication requirements of large-scale systems. The majority of current NoCs spend considerable area and power for router buffers. In our past work, we have developed elastic buffer (EB) flow control which adds simple control logic in the channels to use pipeline flip-flops (FFs) as EBs with two storage locations. This way, channels act as distributed FIFOs and input buffers are no longer required. Removing buffers and virtual channels (VCs) significantly simplifies router design. Compared to VC networks with highly-efficient custom SRAM buffers, EB networks provide an up to 45 percent shorter cycle time, 16 percent more throughput per unit power, or 22 percent more throughput per unit area. EB networks provide traffic classes using duplicate physical subnetworks. However, this approach negates the cost gains or becomes infeasible for a large number of traffic classes. Therefore, in this paper we propose a hybrid EB-VC router which provides an arbitrary number of traffic classes by using an input buffer to drain flits facing severe contention or deadlock. Thus, hybrid routers operate as EB routers in the common case, and as VC routers when necessary. For this reason, the hybrid EB-VC scheme offers 21 percent more throughput per unit power than VC networks and 12 percent than EB networks.

Published in:

Computers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:62 ,  Issue: 2 )