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Interface engineering using ferromagnetic nanoparticles for enhancing pinning in YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin film

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3 Author(s)
Jha, Alok K. ; Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi-110016, India ; Khare, Neeraj ; Pinto, R.

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Thin films of YBCO have been deposited on bare and La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) nanoparticle decorated single crystal SrTiO3 (STO) substrates. The effect of ferromagnetic LSMO nanoparticles, present at the substrate/film interface, on the superconducting properties of YBa2Cu3O7-δ (YBCO) thin film has been investigated by temperature dependent magnetization studies. The YBCO thin film on LSMO decorated STO substrate shows significant improvement in the critical current density and pinning force density as compared to the YBCO thin film deposited on the undecorated substrate, and this improvement is more significant at higher applied magnetic field. The presence of LSMO nanoparticles at YBCO/STO interface seems to introduce structural defects, which might be in the form of threading dislocations along the c-axis acting as correlated pinning centers leading to improved flux pinning properties of the YBCO thin film. The LSMO nanoparticles are ferromagnetic, which can also act as magnetic pinning centers and may result in the enhancement of flux pinning properties of the YBCO thin film deposited on the LSMO decorated STO substrate.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:110 ,  Issue: 11 )