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Active Detection With a Barrier Sensor Network Using a Scan Statistic

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4 Author(s)
Xiufeng Song ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA ; Peter Willett ; Joseph Glaz ; Shengli Zhou

Abstract-The cooperation of an active acoustic source and a large number of distributed passive sensors offers an opportunity for active sonar detection. The system works as follows: first, each sensor compares its matched filter output with a given threshold to obtain a binary local decision-"0" or "1"; then, a fusion center (FC) collects them to make a system-level inference. How effectively to combine these local results-distributed detection fusion-is the concentration of this paper. Suppose that the sensor network is unaware of the target's reflection model. Then, the local detection probabilities cannot be obtained; therefore, the optimal fusion rule is unavailable. The obvious detection strategy is a counting rule test (CRT), which simply counts the total number of 1's and compares it to a threshold. This approach does not require knowledge of sensor locations, and equally considers all network subareas. However, the reflected signal from some targets, such as a submarine, can be highly aspect dependent, and in many instances only sensors in a particular zone can receive its echoes. This paper focuses on the scan statistic, which slides a window across the sensor field, and selects the subarea with the largest number of 1's to make a decision. The scan statistic integrates the aspect-dependence characteristic of the target into detection fusion. With a proper window size, it may suppress the subarea interference, and improve the system-level performance.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 1 )