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This paper describes a digital archive of Fashion, Dress and Behavior (hereafter called FDB) from Meiji to early Showa period (1868-1945) in Japan. This period when kimono and western style of dress contended with each other, was a very important time for Japanese clothing culture. Nevertheless, there has been little research with high credibility due to a lack of supporting evidence. This digital archive with 20,000 images will become an effective tool to make up for the lack of research. It will be available on the Internet in the near future. The topics of this paper are the following: 1) The images on the basis of 136 subjects concerning acculturation of FDB. 2) Metadata attribute. 3) System. 4) Link to the Costume Database including the digital chronology of FDB (1868-1945).