Skip to Main Content
In this paper, we consider the problem of building 3D models of complex staircases based on laser range data acquired with a humanoid. These models have to be sufficiently accurate to enable the robot to reliably climb up the staircase. We evaluate two state-of-the-art approaches to plane segmentation for humanoid navigation given 3D range data about the environment. The first approach initially extracts line segments from neighboring 2D scan lines, which are successively combined if they lie on the same plane. The second approach estimates the main directions in the environment by randomly sampling points and applying a clustering technique afterwards to find planes orthogonal to the main directions. We propose extensions for this basic approach to increase the robustness in complex environments which may contain a large number of different planes and clutter. In practical experiments, we thoroughly evaluate all methods using data acquired with a laser-equipped Nao robot in a multi-level environment. As the experimental results show, the reconstructed 3D models can be used to autonomously climb up complex staircases.