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In this paper, we present a novel speech feature extraction algorithm based on a hierarchical combination of auditory similarity and pooling functions. The computationally efficient features known as “Sparse Auditory Reproducing Kernel” (SPARK) coefficients are extracted under the hypothesis that the noise-robust information in speech signal is embedded in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) spanned by overcomplete, nonlinear, and time-shifted gammatone basis functions. The feature extraction algorithm first involves computing kernel based similarity between the speech signal and the time-shifted gammatone functions, followed by feature pruning using a simple pooling technique (“MAX” operation). In this paper, we describe the effect of different hyper-parameters and kernel functions on the performance of a SPARK based speech recognizer. Experimental results based on the standard AURORA2 dataset demonstrate that the SPARK based speech recognizer delivers consistent improvements in word-accuracy when compared with a baseline speech recognizer trained using the standard ETSI STQ WI008 DSR features.
Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:20 , Issue: 4 )
Biometrics Compendium, IEEE
Date of Publication: May 2012