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Phase Formation, Composition and {\rm T}_{\rm c} Distribution of Binary and Ta-Alloyed {\rm Nb}_{3}{\rm Sn} Wires Produced by Various Techniques

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8 Author(s)
Senatore, C. ; Dept. de Phys. de la Mater. Condensee (DPMC), Univ. de Geneve, Geneva, Switzerland ; Mondonico, G. ; Buta, F. ; Seeber, B.
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Low temperature calorimetry was used to determine the distribution of the superconducting transition temperature in binary and Ta-doped wires fabricated by the Bronze route and by the Powder-In-Tube (PIT) method. From this analysis we were able to discern the effects of Sn and Ta compositions on the distribution of the superconducting parameters Tc and Bc2 in the different samples. The influence of the heat treatment conditions on the superconducting properties was investigated for the PIT wires. In particular we determined the field dependence of the distribution for a commonly used reaction schedule (675 /84 h) and for an optimized heat treatment (625 /320 h). For the first time, we show that the wire reacted at 625/320 h exhibits two separated contributions in the distribution directly related to the grain morphology of the A15 layer: a narrow peak determined by the large grains, with a lower Bc2, and a broad peak due to the fine grains, with a higher Bc2. The kinetics of the Sn diffusion in Nb and the growth rate of the A15 layer were experimentally studied. The influence of Ta doping on the A15 phase formation was analysed by electron microscopy, the growth rate and the grain morphology in binary and Ta-alloyed Bronze route wires with the same filament layout being compared at different stages of the heat treatment. At the end of reaction, the well known microstructure comprising equiaxed and columnar regions was observed in the filaments of both the binary and the Ta-alloyed wires. Based on these observations and from the growth rate analysis we conclude that Ta does not affect the Sn diffusion rate.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 3 )