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Structural study on amorphous and crystalline state of phase change material

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4 Author(s)
Upadhyay, M. ; Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India ; Murugavel, S. ; Anbarasu, M. ; Ravindran, T. R.

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We report an inelastic (Raman) light scattering study on bulk crystalline GeTe (c-GeTe) and amorphous GeTe (a-GeTe) thin films and found to show pronounced similarities in local structure between the two states. In c-GeTe, the observed Raman modes represent the Ge atoms are in three different environments, namely, tetrahedral, distorted, and defective octahedral sites. On the other hand, in a-GeTe, Raman spectrum reveals Ge sites in tetrahedral and defective octahedral environment. We suggest that the structure of c-GeTe consists of highly distorted as well as defective Ge sites, which leads to the large concentration of intrinsic defects (vacancies). These random defects would act as topological disorder in the lattice and cause the bands to develop tails at the band edges, a continuum of localized levels appearing in the gap. The present study deepens the understanding of the local atomic structure, influence of defects and its close relation to the phase-change mechanism.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:110 ,  Issue: 8 )