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In the field of wireless sensor networks, it is a fundamental issue to balance efficient routing and energy cost via self-organization. Moreover, many applications require some QoS metrics, but not enough attention has been attracted. In this paper, an Energy prediction routing algorithm with adaptive QoS guarantees was proposed using Chaotic Ant Colony algorithm, EQCACA for short, to tackle the combination problem. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in terms of bandwidth, delay and packet loss rate compared with ant colony routing algorithm.