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High quality factor graphene varactors for wireless sensing applications

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1 Author(s)
Koester, Steven J. ; 200 Union St. SE, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA

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A graphene wireless sensor concept is described. By utilizing thin gate dielectrics, the capacitance in a metal-insulator-graphene structure varies with charge concentration through the quantum capacitance effect. Simulations using realistic structural and transport parameters predict quality factors, Q, >60 at 1 GHz. When placed in series with an ideal inductor, a resonant frequency tuning ratio of 25% (54%) is predicted for sense charge densities ranging from 0.32 to 1.6 μC/cm2 at an equivalent oxide thickness of 2.0 nm (0.5 nm). The resonant frequency has a temperature sensitivity, df/dT, less than 0.025%/K for sense charge densities >0.32 μC/cm2.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:99 ,  Issue: 16 )