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Instantaneous Measure of EEG Channel Importance for Improved Patient-Adaptive Neonatal Seizure Detection

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5 Author(s)
Andriy Temko ; Neonatal Brain Research Group, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland ; Gordon Lightbody ; Eoin M. Thomas ; Geraldine B. Boylan
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A measure of bipolar channel importance is proposed for EEG-based detection of neonatal seizures. The channel weights are computed based on the integrated synchrony of classifier probabilistic outputs for the channels which share a common electrode. These estimated time-varying weights are introduced within a Bayesian probabilistic framework to provide a channel specific and, thus, adaptive seizure classification scheme. Validation results on a clinical dataset of neonatal seizures confirm the utility of the proposed channel weighting for the two patient-independent seizure detectors recently developed by this research group: one based on support vector machines (SVMs) and the other on Gaussian mixture models (GMMs). By exploiting the channel weighting, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area can be significantly increased for the most difficult patients, with the average ROC area across 17 patients increased by 22% (relative) for the SVM and by 15% (relative) for the GMM-based detector, respectively. It is shown that the system developed here outperforms the recent published studies in this area.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 3 )