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Steady-State Model and Power-Flow Analysis of Single-Phase Electronically Coupled Distributed Energy Resources

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2 Author(s)
Kamh, M.Z. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada ; Iravani, R.

This paper develops and presents the steady-state, fundamental-frequency model of the single-phase distributed energy resource (DER) unit which utilizes a single-phase voltage-sourced converter (VSC) as the interface medium. The model represents: 1) different operating and control modes and 2) the operational constraints and limits of the VSC and the host grid. The model is included in a sequential power-flow analysis method using: 1) a backward-forward sweep algorithm for single-phase laterals and 2) a sequence-components frame solver for three-phase networks. The interface-VSC operating limits are accommodated in the power-flow algorithm as an interleaved step to increase computational efficiency of the power-flow analysis tool. Case studies are conducted to evaluate and verify 1) the accuracy of the proposed model and 2) the computational efficiency of the power-flow algorithm.

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 1 )