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Single- and multi-unit activity recorded from the surface of the dorsal root ganglia with non-penetrating electrode arrays

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6 Author(s)
Gaunt, R.A. ; Dept. of Phys. Med. & Rehabilitation, Univ. of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Bruns, T.M. ; Crammond, D.J. ; Tomycz, N.D.
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Non-penetrating surface electrode recording techniques are typically associated with field potential recordings, while extracellular recordings from single neurons are made using penetrating metal wire or microfabricated microelectrode arrays. Here, we report on single- and multi-unit neuronal recordings made using non-penetrating electrodes placed on the epineural surface of the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Across four experiments in anesthetized cats, approximately 40% of the electrodes recorded single- and multi-unit spiking activity with spike-rates that covaried significantly with hindlimb movement. In two intraoperative experiments in humans, compound activity was recorded from the DRG surface in response to peripheral stimulation of the common peroneal nerve. This approach may have advantages over penetrating electrode arrays in terms of clinical acceptability and recording longevity.

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society,EMBC, 2011 Annual International Conference of the IEEE

Date of Conference:

Aug. 30 2011-Sept. 3 2011