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Evaluation of six medium bit-rate coders for the Pan-European digital mobile radio system

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1 Author(s)
Natvig, J.E. ; Norwegian Telecommun. Adm., Kjeller, Norway

A digital cellular mobile radio system has been under development in Europe since 1982 under the coordination of the working group CEPT GSM (groupe speciale mobile). In a recent coordinated experiment, listening opinion tests were performed on the speech output of six candidate 16 kb/s speech coding schemes for this system: one regular-pulse excited coder, one multiple-excited coder, and four subband coders. For comparison purposes, test conditions from a companded cellular FM system currently in operation were included in the experiment. The six codecs were companded in terms of subjective quality, transmission delay, and ease of implementation. In this overall comparison, no single codec was superior in all respects. However, the regular-phase-excited linear predictive coder, which provided the best speech quality, had acceptable complexity and delay and was singled out for further improvement. Ultimately, an improved version of this codec, a regular-pulse-excited/long-term-prediction LPC coder was selected

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 2 )