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Power Flow Control Based Solely on Slow Feedback Loop for Heart Pump Applications

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3 Author(s)
Wang, B. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand ; Hu, A.P. ; Budgett, D.

This paper proposes a new control method for regulating power flow via transcutaneous energy transfer (TET) for implantable heart pumps. Previous work on power flow controller requires a fast feedback loop that needs additional switching devices and resonant capacitors to be added to the primary converter. The proposed power flow controller eliminates these additional components, and it relies solely on a slow feedback loop to directly drive the primary converter to meet the heart pump power demand and ensure zero voltage switching. A controlled change in switching frequency varies the resonant tank shorting period of a current-fed push-pull resonant converter, thus changing the magnitude of the primary resonant voltage, as well as the tuning between primary and secondary resonant tanks. The proposed controller has been implemented successfully using an analogue circuit and has reached an end-to-end power efficiency of 79.6% at 10 W with a switching frequency regulation range of 149.3 kHz to 182.2 kHz.

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 3 )