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A Geographic Routing Strategy for North Atlantic In-Flight Internet Access Via Airborne Mesh Networking

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4 Author(s)
Medina, D. ; Institute of Communications and Navigation, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Munich, Germany ; Hoffmann, F. ; Rossetto, F. ; Rokitansky, C.-H.

The Airborne Internet is a vision of a large-scale multihop wireless mesh network consisting of commercial passenger aircraft connected via long-range highly directional air-to-air radio links. We propose a geographic load sharing strategy to fully exploit the total air-to-ground capacity available at any given time. When forwarding packets for a given destination, a node considers not one but a set of next-hop candidates and spreads traffic among them based on queue dynamics. In addition, load balancing is performed among Internet Gateways by using a congestion-aware handover strategy. Our simulations using realistic North Atlantic air traffic demonstrate the ability of such a load sharing mechanism to approach the maximum theoretical throughput in the network.

Published in:

Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 4 )