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A dual mode redundant (DMR) logic data path with instruction restart that detects errors at register file (RF) write-back is presented. The DMR RF allows SEU correction using parity to detect RF entry nibbles that are correct in one copy but not the other. Detection and backing out incorrect write data are also described. The radiation hardened by design (RHBD) circuits are implemented in 90 nm CMOS. The DMR microarchitecture is described, including pipelining, error handling, and the associated hardware. Heavy ion and proton testing validate the approach. Experimentally measured cross sections and examples of errors due to pipeline SET or RF SEU are shown. Critical node spacing and the mitigation of multiple node collection are also described.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2011