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Virtual Power Plant Control concepts with Electric Vehicles

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11 Author(s)
A. F. Raab ; Institute Sustainable Electric Networks and Sources of Energy at Technische Universität Berlin, Germany ; M. Ferdowsi ; E. Karfopoulos ; I. Grau Unda
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Three approaches for grid integration of Electric Vehicles (EVs) through a Virtual Power Plant (VPP) concept are introduced. A classification of these different ways for realizing a VPP based on the control structure, resource type, and the aggregation approach is discussed. This is followed by a description of the three VPP approaches, which are referred to as direct, hierarchical, and distributed control approaches. For each of the three approaches, the necessary operational steps are discussed and the differences are highlighted. Finally, a case study is presented to demonstrate EV integration through a VPP concept.

Published in:

Intelligent System Application to Power Systems (ISAP), 2011 16th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

25-28 Sept. 2011