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A Low Power Wireless Sensor Network for Gully Pot Monitoring in Urban Catchments

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5 Author(s)
See, C.H. ; Sch. of Eng. Design & Technol., Bradford Univ., Bradford, UK ; Horoshenkov, Kirill V. ; Abd-Alhameed, R.A. ; Yim Fun Hu
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Sewer and gully blockages are the main cause of residential sewer flooding in the U.K. A low-cost and power efficient wireless sensor mesh networking communication system has been designed, developed and implemented to provide adequate warning on potential blockage incidents to prevent sewer failure. By monitoring the water level of the gully pot at each residential property, the water company will be proactively informed of the best course of actions to eliminate the causal problem, i.e., blockage and leakage within the sewer infrastructure. Hence, the number of residential sewer flooding and pollution incidents can be reduced. The prototype system consists of eight Zigbee based wireless sensor nodes and a GPRS enabled data gatherer. Each Zigbee sensor node comprises of a radio transceiver, a data acquisition board and an acoustic sensor probe. Field trials were carried out in an outdoor scenario to cross-validate the theoretical and practical performance of the prototype system. The results in terms of durability of sensors, sensor nodes and gateways and reliability of communication under real operational conditions and within a typical inner city urban environment are discussed. The problems encountered and solutions to tackle these problems were addressed.

Published in:

Sensors Journal, IEEE  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 5 )