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A new wavelet-based document image segmentation scheme

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4 Author(s)
Jian, Zhao ; Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, P. R. China ; Daojing, Li ; Bianzhang, Yu ; Junping, Geng

The document image segmentation is very useful for printing, faxing and data processing. An algorithm is developed for segmenting and classifying document image. Feature used for classification is based on the histogram distribution pattern of different image classes. The important attribute of the algorithm is using wavelet correlation image to enhance raw image's pattern, so the classification accuracy is improved. In this paper document image is divided into four types: background, photo, text and graph. Firstly, the document image background has been distingusished easily by former normally method; secondly, three image types will be distinguished by their typical histograms, in order to make histograms feature clearer, each resolution's HH wavelet subimage is used to add to the raw image at then resolution. At last, the photo, text and praph have been devided according to how the feature fit to the Laplacian distrbution by $bar{X}^2$ and L. Simulations show that classification accuracy is significantly improved. The comparison with related shows that our algorithm provides both lower classification error rates and better visual results.

Published in:

Systems Engineering and Electronics, Journal of  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Sept. 2002

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