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Optimizing IGP link costs for improving IP-level resilience

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5 Author(s)
Gábor Rétvári ; Dept. of Telecommunications and Media Informatics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics ; Levente Csikor ; János Tapolcai ; Gábor Enyedi
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Recently, major vendors have introduced new router platforms to the market that support fast IP-level failure protection out of the box. The implementations are based on the IP Fast ReRoute-Loop Free Alternates (LFA) standard. LFA is simple, unobtrusive, and easily deployable. This simplicity, however, comes at a severe price, in that LFA usually cannot protect all possible failure scenarios. In this paper, we give new graph theoretical tools for analyzing LFA failure case coverage and we seek ways for improvement. In particular, we investigate how to optimize IGP link costs to maximize the number of protected failure scenarios, we show that this problem is NP-complete even in a very restricted formulation, and we give exact and approximate algorithms to solve it. Our simulation studies show that a deliberate selection of IGP costs can bring many networks close to complete LFA-based protection.

Published in:

Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN), 2011 8th International Workshop on the

Date of Conference:

10-12 Oct. 2011