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Low-power CMOS VCO with dual-band local oscillating signal outputs for 5/2.5-ghz wlan transceivers

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2 Author(s)
Chi, Baoyong ; Institute of Microelectronics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China ; Shi, Bingxue

The paper describes a novel low-power CMOS voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) with dual-band local oscillating (LO) signal outputs for 5/2.5-GHz wireless local area network (WLAN) transceivers. The VCO is based on an on-chip symmetrical spiral inductor and a differential varactor. The 2.5-GHz quadrature LO signals are generated using the injection-locked frequency divider (ILFD) technique. The ILFD structure is similar to the VCO structure with its wide tracking range. The design tool ASITIC was used to optimize all on-chip symmetrical inductors. The power consumption was kept low with differential LC tanks and the ILFD technique. The circuit was implemented in a 0. 18−μm CMOS process. Hspice and SpectreRF simulations show the proposed circuit could generate low phase noise 5/2.5-GHz dual band LO signals with a wide tuning range. The 2.5-GHz LO signals are quadrature with almost no phase and amplitude errors. The circuit consumes less than 5. 3 mW in the tuning range with a power supply voltage of 1.5 V. The die area is only 1.0 mm × 1.0 mm.

Published in:

Tsinghua Science and Technology  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 2 )